What is the difference in the balance or power or abuse of power?
The balancing of power is a horozonal view based upon separate functions, but equal distribution of power. Balncing power means that the separate branches of government are protected from conflicts of interest. Jefferson moved the Supreme Court from the Capitol building for this very reason. Balncing power is about democracy, and human rights, while abuse of power doesn't maintain that power is equally distributed. Power just is. And unchecked power, or power without any limits makes for the "abuse of power".
Abuse of power is about hierarchal view of organizational structuring of society, or government. Such is the Republican form of government that America was founded upon. The principle of leadership, that is
representative. We are a government "by and for the people".
Power is about money, position, influence, information, and knowledge. And such aspects of power are useful to protect the individual from those that might be unscrupulous in their use of power. Power can be represented by groups or an indivdual. But, groups that have collective influence, inside information and money, are the foudations of corrupt government. Corrupt government do not represent "the people", but themselves, in insider trading, protecting each other's backs and outright pay-offs and bribery.
In America, we have laws that protect "the little guy" from such corruption. Our very form of government is the "rule of law". We are "a people" that is ruled by law and not a King/Divine. And the law is equally binding on every individual. It is what protects all of our interests, when we value "the rule of law" and its protections, because the law is to balance power and prevent "abuse of power".
The Humanities in a Changing World
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