I am reading a dissertation about Moralism and Morality. The premise is that world conflicts will not be solved through political or government solutions. The only solution is the moral one. This is where definitions about morality and the moral is important. The problem in his analysis is moral realism. Everyone assumes that his "morality is Truth" and that another's is "False". Religions further inflate and enlarge the ante in such conversations, I think. I am still reading and thinking through his premises. One quote he ends with is Solzhenitsyn's. I added some from Nietzsche because he understood also, this point, I think.
“If only it were so simple! If only there were evil people somewhere
insidiously committing evil deeds, and it were necessary only to separate
them from the rest of us and destroy them. But the line dividing good and
evil cuts through the heart of every human being. And who is willing to
destroy a piece of his own heart?”54
—Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn ( (1974).
The Gulag Archipelago
A casual stroll through the lunatic asylum shows that faith does not prove anything.
Battle not with monsters, lest ye become a monster, and if you gaze into the abyss, the abyss gazes also into you.
In heaven all the interesting people are missing.
Insanity in individuals is something rare - but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule.
Man is the cruelest animal.
The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself.
The overman...Who has organized the chaos of his passions, given style to his character, and become creative. Aware of life's terrors, he affirms life without resentment.
To predict the behavior of ordinary people in advance, you only have to assume that they will always try to escape a disagreeable situation with the smallest possible expenditure of intelligence.
You need chaos in your soul to give birth to a dancing star.
But thus do I counsel you, my friends: distrust all in whom the impulse to punish is powerful!
What else is love but understanding and rejoicing in the fact that another person lives, acts, and experiences otherwise than we do…?
Nations have different ways of approaching situations and understandings that make for conflict. Is there a way of compromise where both parties are co-operating, instead of battling to the "end"? Does there have to be a "winner and loser", or can we "all win" something that makes for a 'better place"?